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CNN-LSTM Based Multimodal MRI and Clinical Data Fusion for Predicting Functional Outcome in Stroke Patients

44th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC) July 2022

Hatami N, Cho TH, Mechtouff L, Eker OF, Rousseau D, Frindel C


Clinical outcome prediction plays an important role in stroke patient management. From a machine learning point-of-view, one of the main challenges is dealing with heterogeneous data at patient admission, i.e. the image data which are multidimensional and the clinical data which are scalars. In this paper, a multimodal convolutional neural network – long short-term memory (CNN-LSTM) based ensemble model is proposed. For each MR image module, a dedicated network provides preliminary prediction of the clinical outcome using the modified Rankin scale (mRS). The final mRS score is obtained by merging the preliminary probabilities of each module dedicated to a specific type of MR image weighted by the clinical metadata, here age or the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model surpasses the baselines and offers an original way to automatically encode the spatio-temporal context of MR images in a deep learning architecture. The highest AUC (0.77) was achieved for the proposed model with NIHSS. Clinical Relevance— – We present the first deep learning approach predicting the clinical outcome of stroke patients treated by mechanical thrombectomy which integrates imaging data at the voxel level with key clinical metadata. Combining clinical and imaging data to evaluate the potential benefit from therapy closely mirrors the clinical decision process. Our promising results suggest our predictive model could assist in acute stroke management.