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Intravenous abciximab as a rescue therapy for immediate reocclusion after successful mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke patients

Platelets, February 2022

Delvoye F, Loyau S, Labreuche J, Taylor G, Maier B, Piotin M, Blanc R, Escalard S, Di Meglio L, Ben Maacha M, Redjem H, Smajda S, Ciccio G, Hébert S, Sabben C, Jandrot-Perrus M, Maertens De Noordhout A, Mazighi M, Ho-Tin-Noé B, Desilles JP

Abstract

Immediate reocclusion after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a rare but devastating condition associated with poor functional outcome. The aim of this study was to gain insights into the mechanisms underlying immediate reocclusion, and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist abciximab, for its treatment. Clinical data were collected from April 2015 to April 2019 in a monocentric prospective registry of AIS patients treated by MT. All patients with immediate reocclusion were retrospectively selected and subdivided into 2 groups according to abciximab treatment status. In vitro, the separate and combined effects of abciximab and alteplase on clot formation in whole blood under flow conditions were further investigated in microfluidic chambers. From 929 MT-treated patients, 21 had post-MT immediate reocclusion. Abciximab treatment in reocclusion patients (n = 10) led to higher rate of final recanalization (p < .001) while it did not increase bleeding complications. Flow chamber experiments revealed that, in contrast to alteplase, abciximab efficiently limits thrombus accretion from flowing blood by blocking platelet aggregation. Our results underscore a key role for platelet aggregation and the potential of Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists as a rescue therapy in post-MT immediate reocclusion.